Were these texts written by the Apostle John, son of Zebedee, or by John the presbyter of Ephesus whom Papias mentions?
There is nothing to oblige us to endorse the conclusions of radical criticisms on this subject.
With the profane authors this latter term means always, one passage of Aristophanes perhaps excepted, the legal disposition a man makes of his goods for after his death.
Some Humanists, as Erasmus and Cardinal Cajetan, revived the objections mentioned by St.
Jerome, and which are based on the style of these writings.
The Acts of the Apostles , as is sufficiently indicated by the title, relates the preaching and the labours of the Apostles. Paul , and perhaps fourteen, if, with the Council of Trent, we consider him the author of the Epistle to the Hebrews .
It narrates the foundation of the Churches of Palestine and Syria only; in it mention is made of Peter, John, James, Paul, and Barnabas; afterwards, the author devotes sixteen chapters out of the twenty-eight to the missions of St. They are, with the exception of this last-mentioned, addressed to particular Churches (Rom.; I, II Cor.; Gal.; Ephes.; Philip.; Colos.; I, II Thess.) or to individuals (I, II Tim.; Tit.; Philem.).
The unification of the canon was not accomplished without much controversy (see CANON OF THE HOLY SCRIPTURES).
Still it can be said that from the third century, or perhaps earlier, the existence of all the books that today form our New Testament was everywhere known, although they were not all universally admitted, at least as certainly canonical.
However, uniformity existed in the West from the fourth century.
The East had to await the seventh century to see an end to all doubts on the subject.
John), which to a certain extent completes the first three.
They relate to the life and personal teaching of Jesus Christ.
To this Luther added the inadmissibility of the doctrine, as regards the Epistle of St. However, it was practically the Lutherans alone who sought to diminish the traditional Canon, which the Council of Trent was to define in 1546.